BRR!! Winter is almost here! Are you prepared? 

In Canada, temperatures in the winter can reach extreme cold temperatures. Extreme cold is -15°C and -20°C with the wind chill. It is important to check the weather forecast before leaving your home and to see if there is a cold alert.

Winter clothing includes:

  • Hat
  • Mittens/Gloves
  • Scarf
  • Jacket
  • Snow pants
  • Undershirt
  • Thick socks
  • Snow boots
  • Ear muffs
  • Blanket/ Wind breaker over a stroller

 How to dress to stay safe and warm 

Knowing how to dress properly in winter will you you and your children safe during this winter season. Infants and children are most at risk to the cold.

Remember to:

  • Cover as much exposed skin as possible.
  • Wear waterproof and windproof outer layers
  • Wear a hat
  • Choose warm mittens instead of gloves
  • Wear warm, waterproof boots
  • Choose wool, silk or polypropylene inner layers of clothing instead of cotton (these materials hold more body heat)

Babies are different from adults! They need an extra layer of clothing to keep warm! If you are wearing 2 layers a baby will need to wear 3. The extra layer can be an extra sweater underneath their coat

Please, if you have any extra clothing for the winter, or would like to donate new or lightly used clothing we would like them!

During periods of extreme cold, limit your time outside and to take breaks to warm up. You can warm up in your house or city buildings such as recreation buildings and libraries! The City of Toronto recommends that you heat your house to 21°C.

 How to stay healthy in the cold 

Being outside for long periods and not dressing properly can lead to frostbite and hypothermia.

You will first feel frostbite on your fingers, toes and ears. If this happens you have to warm up slowly.

Signs and symptoms of frostbite

  • Cold skin and a prickling feeling
  • Numbness
  • Red, white, bluish-white or grayish-yellow skin
  • Hard or waxy-looking skin
  • Clumsiness due to joint and muscle stiffness
  • Blistering after rewarming, in severe cases

Signs and symptoms of hypothermia

  • Shivering
  • Slurred speech or mumbling
  • Slow, shallow breathing
  • Weak pulse
  • Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  • Drowsiness or very low energy
  • Confusion or memory loss
  • Loss of consciousness

Stay safe and warm this winter! Drink lots of warm beverages! 

 

Written by: Emma Curtis & Janice Kienapple