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PLAY AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT

PART TWO

How play helps Children’s Development
Playing is a natural and enjoyable way for children to keep active, stay well and be happy. Freely chosen play helps children and young people’s healthy development. To have good physical and mental health and to learn life skills, they need various unstructured play opportunities from birth until they’re teenagers.

Image result for baby playing with toy"

Developing Physical Health through play
Physical play such as running, skipping and riding a bicycle helps children develop:
 good physical fitness
 agility
 stamina
 co-ordination
 balance

Developing Social Skills through play
Playing can help children develop their social skills with others. By listening, paying attention and sharing play experiences, this helps a child:
 explore their feelings
 develop self-discipline
 learn how to express themselves
 work out emotional aspects of life

Playful parenting
Through play, parents can connect fully with their children and have fun.  A parent or carer can support and take part in their child’s play activities, but they shouldn’t direct what happens. It’s important they give their children time, freedom and choice to play. If an adult makes all the decisions about how, what and when their child plays, the child won’t enjoy their play experiences.

Play and challenge
Children often want to create challenge and uncertainty in their play. Through risky, challenging play, children test themselves and find out their own limits. They learn how to deal with risk through play and can use these same skills later in life.
Parents should encourage their children from birth to extend themselves. Teach them basic skills
including:
 riding a bicycle
 swimming
 road safety

Explain that it’s important to learn from mistakes, to try again and to believe in themselves.  Help them understand their limits and their boundaries. Allow them to have fun in their play.

Play and Digital Technology
To make sure children have time for unstructured, freely chosen to play every day, parents should limit screen time. The younger the child, the less time they should be using digital devices.
Keep certain times and areas in the home technology-free zones such as:
 meals
 when outdoors
 before bed
 bedrooms
Don’t use digital devices to distract your children or keep them quiet. Talk to your children, play games or look at a book together. Join in your children’s screen time and talk about their online activity. Show your children a good example by limiting your own screen time.

By: Krista Guan and Tiffany Ho

PLAY AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT

PART ONE

Image result for baby and toys"

Why play is Important
Play improves the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and young people. Through play, children learn about the world and themselves. They also learn skills they need for study, work and relationships such as:
 confidence
 self-esteem
 resilience
 interaction
 social skills
 independence
 curiosity
 coping with challenging situations

Play is crucial for developing children’s communication skills. Here are 10 reasons why it is so important:

  1. Play lays the foundation for literacy. Through play children learn to make and practice new sounds. They try out new vocabulary, on their own or with friends, and exercise their imagination through storytelling.
  2. Play is learning. Play nurtures development and fulfills a baby’s inborn need to learn. Play takes many forms, from shaking a rattle to peek-a-boo to hide-and-seek. Play can be done by a child
    alone, with another child, in a group or with an adult.
  3. Play encourages adults to communicate with the children in their lives. Adults support play by giving children opportunities to play, and by knowing when to intervene, and when not to intervene.
  4. Play gives children the chance to be spontaneous. You may think your child should be rolling the truck on the ground but that doesn’t mean that truck is not equally useful as a stacking toy.
  5. Play gives children choice. Having enough toys or activities to choose from will allow children to express themselves.
  6. Play gives children space. To practice physical movement, balance and to test their own limits.
  7. Play gives adults the chance to learn how to play again. One of the most challenging parts of play is incorporating yourself in it.
  8. Play allows adults to learn their child’s body language. Knowing when you should incorporate yourself in your child’s play is key.
  9. Play teaches adults patience and understanding. If you do choose to join in your child’s play make sure that you do not try to take it over and force incorporation of your ultimate learning objectives into their play. Structured adult-led activities have their time and place but remember to allow for time for children to control and decide their own play.

By: Krista Guan and Tiffany Ho

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

What is SIDS? Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death of an infant less than one year old of age. It normally happens during sleep, and it cannot be predicted or prevented.

Tips to reduce risks of SIDS

  • Smoking during pregnancy exposes unborn babies to tobacco smoke which is one of the greatest risks for SIDS. No smoking at all is best for your baby but decreasing the number of cigarettes you smoke can also lower the risk of SIDS.
  • Second-hand smoke also increases the risk of SIDS after your baby is born. Avoid smoking near your baby- in the house, in the car or anywhere your baby sleeps or spends time. If you, our partner, family members or friends smoke, smoke outside and away from your baby.
  • Alcohol use and substance use pose a risk for SIDS and other unintended injuries in infants. It is safer to ask your partner or someone you trust to care for your infant until you are completely sober and not under the influence of substances.
  • Breastfeed your infant. Any amount of breastfeeding for any duration provides a protective effect against SIDS. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months offers greater protection.
  • Immunized your infant. This gives your infant that extra immunity and protection to fight off vaccine-preventable diseases and to stay healthy.

By: Krista Guan and Tiffany Ho

Recommended Safe Sleep Practices

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Tips to help your infant sleep well

  • Respond to your infant’s cues day and night. Learn the cues that mean your infant is tired, yawns, losing interest, quiet, whines more or eye rubbing
  • Aim for a flexible feeding and sleeping routine based on the needs of your infant. 
  • Establish a brief routine before bedtime and nap time so your infant will learn to associate the bedtime and nap routine with going to sleep. Choose a couple of activities like breastfeeding, bathing, telling a story, singing or massaging, etc.
  • Keep infant’s sleeping area comfortable with dim light and keep night time quiet.
  • Place your infant in their crib, cradle or bassinet to sleep. Over time your infant learns that this is the place where he sleeps.
  • Put your infant to bed when they are drowsy, this will help your infant to learn to settle and fall asleep by himself. 
  • If your infant is crying or fussing, comfort them. It will not spoil them! Your presence may be sufficient to help your infant fall asleep.

Recommended Safe Sleep Practices and Creating a Safe Sleep Environment 

  • Share the same room with your infant for at least the first 6 months. Place the crib, cradle or bassinet next to your bed.
  • Always place your baby on his/her back to sleep, at nap time and at night time.
  • Place your infant to sleep on a separate surface in an age appropriate crib, cradle or bassinet.
  • Provide a sleep surface that is firm and flat.
  • Pillows, comforters, quilts, stuffed animals, bumper pads, positional devices or other loose or soft bedding materials are strongly not recommended as they could suffocate or smother an infant.
  • Dress your infant in comfortable fitted one-piece sleepwear.
  • Ensure the room temperature is comfortable for everyone. 
  • Baby seats, swings, car seats, bouncers, strollers, slings and playpens are not safe places to sleep.

Additional Resources for Safe Sleep

By: Krista Guan and Tiffany Ho

Guide to Infant Sleep Patterns

Ever wonder if your infant is getting enough sleep? Here is a quick guide to just how much sleep they should be getting and need!

AgeSleep Amount
Newborns– 14-18hrs of sleep per 24hrs
– Many brief periods of sleep, ranging from 30 mins to 3-4 hrs at a time 
– Awake for 2 hrs or less at a time 
– May cry a lot or have a fussy period of 3-6 hrs, usually in the evening or at night 
– May sleep more during the day than during the night 
2-6 months – 14-16hrs of sleep per 24hrs 
– 2-3 naps, ranging from 30 mins to 3hrs at a time 
– After 3 months, naps become more regular 
– May still have a fussy period, usually in the evening 
– May have longer sleep periods at night 
6-11 months– 11-14hrs of sleep per 24hrs 
– 2 naps, ranging from 30 mins to 2hrs
12 months– 10-13hrs of sleep per 24hrs 
– 1-2 naps, ranging from 30 mins to 2hrs

By: Krista Guan and Tiffany Ho

Meet our Fall 2019 Nursing Students

Hi there! My name is Krista, and my name is Tiffany. We are 4th year nursing students from York and we will be doing our placement here at the New Mom Project until December. While we are here, we would love to talk to you, to get to know you and ultimately support you. We would like to cover important safety topics such as safe sleep tips, car seat safety and how to properly prepare/protect your child from the cold this winter season. We are hoping to share insight and information through blog posts here on the website, handouts and one-on-one teachings onsite.

If you have any suggestions on health topics that you would like to know more about, please do not hesitate to let us know and we would love to help you learn more about it!  

We look forward to meeting you all soon!

Tips for Employment and Financial Support

Financial Opportunities for Stay-at-home Moms

1-Take paid surveys
Answering online paid surveys is one of the ways to earn easy extra money. Plus, these are the things you can do even if you’re pregnant, on bed rest, or just killing time.

Photo by Priscilla Du Preez on Unsplash

Below is the list of legitimate survey companies:
Opinion Outpost is one of the sites that actually offers the chance to redeem points for cash. You are paid through PayPal when you choose the cash option. You can also earn Amazon gift vouchers and be entered to
win in quarterly
Swagbucks is increasing in popularity because it is one of the easiest of the best survey sites to earn points with. You can earn points for taking longer surveys, but there are also plenty of other good ways to earn points. You can earn points by answering simple questions, performing searches, doing your regular online shopping, and watching videos.
There are even times when you are given freebie codes for free SBs that can be added to your total.
Pinecone Research is one of the best survey sites is due to the fact that this is one that pays cash for completing surveys. If you qualify for an online survey, you can get paid $5 for almost everyone you complete.
Maru Voice Canada offers you the chance to earn Survey points when you complete various surveys. You can redeem your points for cash which can be directly deposited into your account or which you can receive prepaid Visa debit cards. It’s also possible to ask for Amazon vouchers or Aeroplan Miles.

2-Use rebates and cashback app
You might as well make sure you are getting as much cash back you can on your purchases by using these tools. You’ll get rebates on groceries,
cleaning supplies, toiletries, clothes, travel, wholesale memberships, pet supplies, and alcoholic beverages.
These are the list to get cash back on just about any purchase:
– Ebates- Thousands of stores offer 1-40% cash back for things you’re already buying online.
Ibotta– Get easy money back for things you buy anyway- milk, bread, crackers, toilet paper, baby wipes, formula. Take pictures of your receipts and get real money via PayPal, Venmo, or gift cards. They would also send you $10 for just signing up.

3Sell anything you don’t need
If you’re pregnant and need money fast, sell anything you don’t need or love. You would be surprised what people will pay for. Declutter by selling your books, CD’s, phones, LEGOs and more. These are a list of possible buy & sell groups that you can find:
* Facebook Marketplace
* ThredUP- online thrift store where you can downsize your clothes and make money
* eBay
* Craigslist
* Amazon
* Etsy

4-Volunteering
Volunteer positions are an excellent way to get involved in your local community and gain experience from different organizations. There are
many benefits to doing unpaid volunteer work, this includes:
– Learning new skills in a different environment therefore expanding
your range
– You get to meet a wide variety of people which helps with networking
– If you do volunteer work well, you can secure references for future
employment regardless of where you apply
Suggestions on where to volunteer:
-Local food banks
– Health Centers
– Shelters
– Daycares
Visit this link to find volunteer positions in your area!
https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/get-involved/2018-holiday-wish-list/

Photo by Sarah Ardin on Unsplash

Job Searching Tips Post- Pregnancy

What is Workplace Etiquette?

Workplace etiquette is a code that governs the expectations of an individual’s social behaviour in the workplace. The code is put in place to respect and protect time, people and processes. Work etiquette can include aspects such as body language, good behaviour,
communicating effectively with others or appropriate use of technology.

Tips to Maintain Workplace Etiquette:

-Be Polite! It is important that you are using your “please and thank you” manners. -Do not interrupt others while they are talking. Let them finish before you begin. If you do interrupt, apologize. -Refrain from checking your phone while at work. This can be seen as disrespectful and unprofessional. -Maintain your appearance to always look professional, regardless of the type of work being done.


Work Attire
This is the clothing that employers wear to work, depending on the workplace. An excellent tip is to see what your boss and other employers are wearing. The goal is to start your first day by giving a good impression.

  • Traditional Business Attire Consists of: Skirt suits or pantsuits with formal business blouses or tops, stockings, closed-toe and heel leather shoes, and appropriate business accessories including a briefcase, a leather folder for pads of paper, and a conservative pen. Women were encouraged to keep jewelry, makeup, and perfume subtle and elegant.
  • Smart casual business attire, just a step down from traditional, formal attire, consists of: Jacket or dressy sweater, dress pants or skirt, blouse, shirt, top or turtleneck, hose, dress shoes, and accessories as described in traditional business attire.
  • Business casual attire consists of: Nice pants or skirts, blouses, tops, sweaters, vests, occasionally an informal jacket, and attractive leather shoes and accessories
  • Casual business attire ​consists of: Casual pants, skirts, and jeans, blouses, tops, sweaters, vests, sweatshirts, casual shoes including sandals and athletic wear.

When going in for an interview, remember to bring the following items:

Cover Letter x2 (One for yourself and the employer)

Resume x2 (One for yourself and the employer)

Note Pad and Pen

Prepared questions to ask the employer

Written by York University Nursing Students,
Andrea and Julia

How to Manage Stress as a Mother

Have you been feeling additional stress with your new little one being
born or currently on the way? The beginning of motherhood can be challenging as you begin the adjustment period of an additional family member. According to studies, long-term stress can lead to problematic parenting!

How do mother’s develop stress?

Stress is typically caused by factors such as:

Time Demand– Lack of time to get everything done such as household chores, time to spend playing with kids, time to one’s self, etc.

Finances– The inability to adequately provide all of the basic necessities for your child.

Relationship Demand– When a mother invests the necessary time into their relationship with their children, often other relationships are being neglected, especially when children are young and require undivided attention.

Protective Instincts– Aside from any potential danger a child might face, mothers worry about their children’s behaviour and social development which makes every new stage of growth a challenge.

Self- Doubt– Mothers commonly face a similar fear of not providing enough for their child. They are constantly re-evaluating what they are doing, looking for new insights and trying to stay one step ahead of their child at all times.

Time Alone– Mothers find it difficult to make time and save their energy to care for themselves.

How to manage these stress factors:

  1. Establishing a parental plan: It is important to assign roles to each person in the family to relieve the stress of only one parent taking on the full responsibility.
  2. Sleep when the baby sleeps: Once the child has been put to sleep, take this opportunity to sleep yourselves! This can be implemented during the night by organizing a plan with your partner. When one person is sleeping, the other is getting up to attend to the child and then switch roles on the next night.
  3. Exercise: Exercise is very well known to reduce stress levels in new mothers. An excellent tip is to spread your workout throughout the day in shorter intervals opposed to longer workouts in one sitting. This has proven to show that mothers will stick with the routine much longer.
  4. Spending time with your significant other: It is important to maintain good communication as you are a team working together. Ensure that time is being put aside to spend with one another, whether that is having alone time while the child is sleeping (and keeping the baby talk to a minimum) or going for walks with the child in the stroller.
  5. Reach out to support within your community: If you are ever feeling alone or isolated, reach out to friends and/or family for assistance. Additional support can also come from your community by finding local sites that may help provide resources and other important information.

Written by York University Nursing Students,

Andrea and Julia

Meet Our New Students!

Hi everyone, we are Andrea and Julia, the new 3 rd year York University Nursing students doing our community placement here at The New Mom Project and will be here until the end of March. During our stay, we are planning on covering various topics such as; post-partum depression, breastfeeding, milestones, etc. We would like to collect information about all of these items to gain insight on the different types of moms in the community, and share this knowledge with them. We are hopefully planning to deliver this information through handouts, blog posts on The New Mom Project website or through a welcome package.

If you have any suggestions on topics that you would like us to go into more detail, please feel free to let us know the next time you are visiting New Mom Project. We hope to meet you soon!

Farewell, Happy Holidays!

Thank you from York University Nursing students. We have been greatful, and enjoyed being with you this year at the New Mom Project. During the year we received a lot of feedback from the mothers who came to New Mom Project, and as a community support we have found some solutions for your requests. Thank you all the information you gave us about your experience and about your needs.

What supports would help you more? This question gave us many responses. Mothers we spoke to are looking for housing support, and social groups. To resolve these needs we found options that are offered to the public:

 

 

Above are links for child care, housing, health, and education.

 

While being at New Mom Project we gathered some data about what clients had to say about quality, and availability at New Mom Project; and their experience being a new mom.

  • Mothers rated their experience at New Mom Project from 1-10, and we got an average rating being 9.5
  • Mothers asked that their be more availability of clothing for ages 6 and up, more 18-24 months clothing, high chairs, double strollers, potties, school bags, cribs, and blankets
  • Mothers rated their experience being a new mom in Canada from 1-10 as being 7.5
  • Mothers are happy that the New Mom Project has decided to have an appointment system
  • Mothers would like to see more Jackets, Boots, Gloves, and Hats for the winter season, and earlier in the year
  • Mothers need support finding jobs and financial support
  • Mothers who are immigrants/refugees want more work opportunities

We found barriers regards to education, but having guest speakers can fill that gap. Guest speakers that could come in to discuss breastfeeding, counseling, time management, work skills, and jobs.

We had a lot of fun! We had a lot of chances to speak publicly to ask mothers about their family. Our time at Jansens Johnsons and Johnson was excellent, and donating gifts to people downtown was a lot of fun. Thank you for having us Janice, Emma, and Gwen. Happy Holidays!

 

Janice Kienapple and Emma Curtis

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